Cuban Science in Figures (+ Infographic)

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Cuban Science in Figures (+ Infographic)
Fecha de publicación: 
17 January 2020
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Villa Clara celebrates today the central event for the Day of Cuban Science, instituted in 1990, on the occasion of the three decades of that intervention by the top leader of the Cuban Revolution.

On a day like today, but of year 1960, during the celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the Speleology Society of Cuba, in the paraninfo of the Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana (current headquarters of the National Museum of History of Science and Technology), Commander in Chief Fidel Castro delivered a historic speech where he emphasized: "The future of our country must necessarily be a future of men of science, of men of thought." This date has been chosen to commemorate the Day of Cuban Science.

Nearly 90 thousand workers, mostly women, intervened in 2018 in the activity of science and technology, a figure that represents a considerable increase compared to previous years.

More than 60,000 had university level in that same period, according to the Cuba newsletter: science and technology indicators 2000-2028, published in Spanish and English by the corresponding ministry (CITMA) and provided to the Cuban News Agency.

In the middle level, 14 845, in total 16 000 people received their scientific degrees and the number of researchers reached 22 500, from the average time spent by teachers of higher education.

By occupational category, 83.6% worked in the technical area, 7.9% in the area of
​​operators, 5.7% as executives, 2.7% in services, and 0.2% as managers.

Just in 2018 alone there were 214 groups of science, technology, and innovation, 135 of them were research centers, 19 of them scientific and technological services, as well as 60 facilities for development and innovation.

According to its institutional organization, 59 were companies, 79 budgeted units and 76 budgeted units with special management.

Serial scientific publications include more than 200 titles, 79% of which are digital, which favors greater reach and less cost.

The most recurrent subjects are those of medical, agrarian, and pedagogical sciences, which exceeded the 10% of the total.

By the end of 2018, the applications for register of industrial designs reached 21, 12 of them were granted and the invention coefficient was 0.09.

The specialists of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment agreed that national development in this specific field is due to the policy expressed by Commander in Chief Fidel Castro 60 years ago in a famous speech at the Auditorium of the Academy of Sciences of Cuba.

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